Chinese scientists have found a material that can hide a hot object from heat-sensing infrared cameras, according to Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics (SINANO).

Hiding an object from thermal cameras could be useful for military and technology applications as well as for research. The team led by Zhang Xuetong in SINANO with Chinese Academy of Sciences found a flexible, foldable and robust film that can achieve infrared stealth.

The researchers fabricated an aerogel film with good thermal insulation performance and enhanced it by coating its fibers with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and a protective waterproof layer.

PEG stores heat when it melts and releases heat when it solidifies. In simulated sunlight, the composite film covering an object soaked up heat from the sun while only slowly increasing in temperature, just like the surroundings, making the object invisible to a thermal camera.

When the light was turned off to simulate night, the coating gradually surrendered its stored heat energy to match the surroundings.

“The new material has a wide range of applications. It can not only be used for infrared stealth but also as a heat insulator for electronic components and battery separators,” Zhang said.

The findings have been published on the recent issue of the academic journal American Chemical Society.

China’s agriculture ministry said Sunday that a new case of African swine fever had been confirmed in the northern province of Hebei.

The outbreak occurred on a farm with a total of 5,600 pigs in the city of Baoding, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said, citing a China Animal Disease Control Center report.

Some pigs had died from the viral disease, the ministry said, giving no specific figures.

A team was dispatched to the area immediately, and local authorities have initiated an emergency response to block, cull and disinfect affected pigs.

Transport of all pigs and related products out of or into the blockaded region is forbidden, the ministry said.

African swine fever is believed to only infect pigs, and no humans or other species have thus far been infected.

China reported its first case of the disease in August 2018 in the northeastern province of Liaoning.

According to a statement by the ministry, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov discussed the situation around Venezuela with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo during a telephone conversation.

“In connection with Washington’s proposal to hold bilateral consultations on Venezuelan issues, it is indicated that we are ready for this, but it is necessary to strictly follow the principles of the UN Charter, since only Venezuelans have the right to determine their future,” the statement said.

On Thursday, the UN Security Council failed to adopt two competing draft resolutions on Venezuela, sponsored by the United States and Russia respectively.

Lavrov condemned Washington’s threats against the legitimate Venezuelan leadership, which is “blatant interference” in Venezuela’s internal affairs and a “flagrant violation” of international law.

Incitement and destructive external influence under the hypocritical pretext of rendering humanitarian aid has nothing to do with the democratic process, he said.

The two sides also agreed to continue contacts on international issues including Syria, Afghanistan and the Korean Peninsula, the statement said.

Yet rather than exploring this shift-which is not captured in traditional measures of GDP-many economists have focused on trying to poke holes in China’s growth narrative. A recent Brookings Institution study, for example, estimates that China’s economy is about 12 percent smaller than official figures indicate.

This does little good. The changes China’s economy has undergone over the last decade are sweeping, unprecedented and essential. The world would be far better served by an effort to understand them than by attempting to prove that the country’s achievements are less impressive than they are.

The author is dean of the School of Economics at Fudan University and director of the China Center for Economic Studies, a Shanghai-based think tank. Project Syndicate The views don’t necessarily represent those of China Daily

What is the urgent problem to solve for rural reform, you ask? Just now, the reporter asked about what the basic considerations for land reform are. When we talk about the central government’s rural land reform, we call it “three lands reform” (i.e. contracted land, collectively owned commercial land, and homesteads). The implementation of this pilot reform project has been helmed by the relevant departments. First we must make it clear that the expropriation of land, the collectively owned commercial land’s entrance onto the market, and rural homestead system reform are all pilot programs. We have to choose some county governments in China with certain conditions to shoulder the tasks of pilot reforms.

The reform of the rural land system will involved a very complicated group of stakeholders. Frankly speaking, we can’t totally form consensus because major differences exist in some aspects, and we can’t see all the problems clearly at the moment. That is why we are trying the pilot reforms. As we test them out, we can reach conclusions, and we can improve the programs before we promote them. The tasks of the “three lands reform” pilot projects should be finished by 2017, so our main goal is to push forward and create good pilots reforms before the end of 2017. All of society and the media are paying attention to rural land reform, and the central government has also set “three bottom lines”: no change in the nature of public ownership, no crossing the red line of farmland (which means “keeping the minimum amount of farmland steady”), and farmers’ interests should not be harmed. The three bottom lines we set don’t mean we will not reform. Instead, we set the bottom lines so we can reform better. For example, the bottom line of “no change in the nature of public ownership” was set because China’s Constitution holds that China’s land system is about state ownership and collective ownership. The reforms cannot go against the Constitution. Collective ownership has some flaws, and the system needs to be improved. Our current reforms shall basically follow the rule that collective land ownership must be implemented, and it must be clear who the owner of the property is. In the next step, we will deepen the reform of this aspect. As we implement collective land ownership on this basis, we should maintain the farmers’ contractual rights to the land. Contractual rights only belong to the collective group’s members. Not everyone has these rights. Farmers’ rights must remain stable so that they do not have to worry about the future. We will loosen control on commercial and operating rights to rural land based on these conditions. When we talk about the transfer of rural land, we are actually talking about the transfer of rights to manage the rural land. The three rights should be granted separately so that we can achieve better reforms.

In honor of the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, which was established by the United Nations in 2005, the Czech and Israeli embassies in Beijing jointly held a Holocaust memorial event on February 28. The event included a lecture by Michael Tal, curator and director of the Artifacts department of Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum, titled “Personal Stories from Theresienstadt Ghetto.” The lecture tells stories and presents pictures of personal items and different artworks made by Jewish people who lived in the ghetto during the Holocaust. Theresienstadt was a concentration camp established by the Nazis during WWII in Terezín, located in the once German-occupied Czechoslovakia. More than 159,000 Jews, first from Czechoslavakia, and later from Germany, Austria, Holland, Denmark, Slovakia, and Hungary, were deported to Theresienstadt. The event also introduced a special exhibition, telling the story of artworks created during the holocaust in the Theresienstadt Ghetto. Several ambassadors from European countries including the German Ambassador to China, Clemens von Goetze, attended the event.

India seems to have a big struggle in its accelerating digital transformation process: data security – an area where China’s experience in managing a vast amount of data could offer a valuable lesson, analysts said.

Last week, another security lapse in Aadhaar, India’s vast biometric-based identity project, exposed as many as 6.7 million customers, according to tech news website TechCrunch.

Citing French security researcher Baptiste Robert, TechCrunch reported that the number included 5.8 million users of Indian gas company Indane.

Having enrolled over 1.22 billion Indians till November last year, Aadhaar, the government project has seen several breaches and multiple accounts of data leaks being reported in the past year, intensifying fears about its security, according to a report by Quartz India last December.

Via the project, Indian citizens provide their detailed personal information ranging from addresses and mobile phone numbers to iris scans for the Indian government. In turn, they can get a 12-number Aadhaar card for their unique identification.

In January 2018, Indian newspaper The Tribune said that access to any Aadhaar-holder’s demographic details could be purchased for just Rs500 ($7), although the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), the government body that administers Aadhaar, disputed the report.

“[Data leakage] may happen… but from my side I’m not concerned. After Aadhaar came into being, it has actually become easy for all citizens to access many government services online by using their Aadhaar number or fingerprint,” Abdul Haleem, a doctor in India, told the Global Times on Wednesday.

“The starting point for the Aadhaar system is to enhance India’s economic and social development. However, the process should be premised on strengthened protection of personal data, otherwise the project will be a failure or even turn into a monster,” said Li Aijun, a professor at the Beijing-based China University of Political Science and Law.

“The government needs to fend off both technology and management risks,” Li told the Global Times on Wednesday.

Long Xingchun, a visiting senior fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, said it’s quite likely that Indian civil servants would take advantage of their posts and sell citizens’ information for profit.

The nearly 1 million Rohingya refugees still remain vulnerable today, even though concerted efforts by the Bangladesh government, the World Health Organization (WHO), and health partners have helped save thousands of lives and prevented and rapidly curtailed deadly disease outbreaks, the WHO said on Friday.

The arrival of nearly 700,000 Rohingyas in Cox’s Bazar beginning Aug. 25, 2017, was one of the largest ever population influxes over such a short span of time. Women, children and the elderly arrived with injuries, low immunization coverage, high rates of malnutrition, and at risk of deadly disease outbreaks.

“Unprecedented efforts have been made in the last year and in the most challenging conditions. Deadly diseases such as cholera have been prevented, and measles and diphtheria curtailed rapidly with quick roll-out and scale-up of health services and mass vaccination campaigns,” said Dr. Poonam Khetrapal Singh, regional director of WHO Southeast Asia.

“It is remarkable that not only has the mortality rate among the Rohingyas remained lower than expected in an emergency of such a scale, it has also reduced significantly in the last six months,” he added.

Despite these efforts, the WHO still warns of remaining challenges, as floods and landslides in the ongoing monsoon season continue to displace people and affect the functioning of health facilities. Also, the Rohingya population is reluctant to access sexual and reproductive health services, and as a result, 70 percent of births are still taking place outside of health facilities.

The biggest challenge is the need to further scale up services to meet the complex, evolving, and long-term health needs of this highly vulnerable population, amid a funding shortfall that could undo the gains and progress made so far.

The WHO is seeking 16.5 million US dollars to continue supporting the Rohingya response, as part of the 113.1 million dollars being sought by all health partners together under the Joint Response Plan until March 2019.

“We need to continue to support the health needs of this vulnerable population and remain vigilant against the spread of diseases. This is still a very fragile situation,” said Dr. Peter Salama, WHO’s deputy director-general for emergency preparedness and response.

Since the beginning of 2018, China’s central bank has reduced the banks’ reserve requirement ratios (RRR) five times in order to free up more capital for lending and, at the same time, guided interbank interest rates to a lower level to cut financing costs for all types of enterprises, private firms in particular. China’s banks issued a record 5.8 trillion yuan ($867 billion) in the first quarter this year. Additionally, the State Council has worked out a package to cut corporate taxes and fees by up to 2 trillion yuan a year. China has more room to cut RRR and reach into the coffers to ratchet up fiscal spending.

The country could remain persistent in investing in new technology so that it always sits on the tide of future opportunities and grabs the high-paying jobs of the future. Thanks to rising investment, a wide range of new industrial lines are springing up, led by high-speed train systems, advanced-reactor nuclear power stations, a homegrown satellite positioning system, 4G and 5G equipment and device plants, big data and artificial intelligence ventures, robotics, and the domestic semiconductor industry.

Thanks to the government directive to strengthen private internet business, the number of people in China connected to 4G mobile networks is reaching 950 million – three times the US population. The so-called “Internet Plus” market is extraordinarily massive, dynamic and innovative. It supports the world’s largest market for mobile shopping, cashless payment, and internet-based sharing businesses in car-hailing, courier delivery, social media and tourism.

NBS reported that retail sales for March rose 8.6 percent, faster than January and February, while online retail raked in double-digit growth in the first quarter.

China also needs to be firm in implementing the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The policy’s benefits are two-pronged, as it will direct capital and Chinese experience and knowledge to help recipient countries develop their economies, while China’s trade with BRI participant economies will grow as these countries become well off. After all, through enhanced imports and exports, both China and BRI countries will continue to prosper. This is another reason the Trump administration has been throwing mud on the BRI.

trashy paper as this. What d’you mean by it, anyhow? Where do you Dutchers keep your money at?”

The Ballinger mail sack opened like a cocoon under Hondo’s knife. It contained but a handful of mail. Fritz had been fuming with terror and excitement until this sack was reached. He now remembered Lena’s letter. He addressed the leader of the band, asking that that particular missive be spared.

“Much obliged, Dutch,” he said to the disturbed carrier. “I guess that’s the letter we want. Got spondulicks in it, ain’t it? Here she is. Make a light, boys.”

Hondo found and tore open the letter to Mrs. Hildesmuller. The others stood about, lighting twisted up letters one from another. Hondo gazed with mute disapproval at the single sheet of paper covered with the angular German script.

“Whatever is this you’ve humbugged us with, Dutchy? You call this here a valuable letter? That’s a mighty low-down trick to play on your friends what come along to help you distribute your mail.”

“That’s Chiny writin’,” said Sandy Grundy, peering over Hondo’s shoulder.

“You’re off your kazip,” declared another of the gang, an effective youth, covered with silk handkerchiefs and nickel plating. “That’s shorthand. I see ’em do it once in court.”

“Ach, no, no, no–dot is German,” said Fritz. “It is no more as a little girl writing a letter to her mamma. One poor little girl, sick and vorking hard avay from home.

Ach! it is a shame. Good Mr. Robberman, you vill please let me have dot letter?”

“What the devil do you take us for, old Pretzels?” said Hondo with sudden and surprising severity. “You ain’t presumin’ to insinuate that we gents ain’t possessed of sufficient politeness for to take an interest in the miss’s health, are you? Now, you go on, and you read that scratchin’ out loud and in plain United States language to this here company of educated society.”

Hondo twirled his six-shooter by its trigger guard and stood towering above the little German, who at once began to read the letter, translating the simple words into English. The gang of rovers stood in absolute silence, listening intently.

“How old is that kid?” asked Hondo when the letter was done.

“Eleven,” said Fritz.

“And where is she at?”